Fruits and vegetables



Common Market Organisation (CMO) for Agriculture

To achieve its objectives, the CAP has the CMO for agriculture among others, which regulates the production and trade of certain agricultural products.

Regulation (EU) No. 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 17 December 2013, through which the CMO for agriculture was created, contains the following goals regarding the fruit and vegetable sector: increased competitiveness and targeting of the sector’s market; to reduce the impact of crises on farmers’ incomes; to boost consumption; and to increase respect for the environment.

Both the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/891 of 13 March 2017, and the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/892 of 13 March 2017 establish applicable provisions of the CMO for the sector.


Operational Funds and National Strategy

In order to achieve this, increased competitiveness and targeting of the sector’s market is established through the EAGF, the Producer Organisations and their associations that form an Operational Fund.

In order to manage these funds, multi-annual Operational Programmes must be established between a three to five year duration, which meet a series of goals established in Regulation (EU) 1308/2013. To achieve these goals, within a framework of sustainability, a national strategy has been approved and published, which establishes the various groups of measures set out in Royal Decree 1179/2018, of 21 September, which regulates funds and operational programmes of the producer organisations from the fruit and vegetables sector.

FEGA, under the framework of its coordination functions, has developed the BdcFof application (GESPRO), which allows the complete cycle of aid approval/request/payment to be correctly managed: from the approval of the operative programme, to the aid request by the Producer Organisations, and the payment of the corresponding annuities by the corresponding Paying Agency.

FEGA drafts the annual Subsidy Report on subsidies paid to the Fruit and Vegetable Producer Organisations (OPFH), using data provided by each of the Autonomous Regions that have paid subsidies to the operational programmes for fruit and vegetable programmes of their corresponding OPFH:


Crisis management

With the aim of reducing the impact on farmers’ incomes from certain crises, the CMO for agriculture allows certain crisis management measures to be applied within operational programmes, in addition to allowing exceptional measures to be applied.

Given the need to provide information which is as up-to-date as possible, allowing the agents involved in the sector to make the best decisions, the following is published:


Withdrawals intended for free distribution

Within the crisis management measures are the withdrawal actions intended for free distribution. These are subsidies given to the OPFH that carry out fruit and vegetable withdrawal actions aimed at charitable organisations, philanthropic centres and affiliated philanthropic centres.

In the last section of the Subsidy Report on the subsidies given to the OPFH, mentioned previously, there is a list of the OPFH that receive subsidies for withdrawal actions intended for free distribution, broken down by Autonomous Region.

The authorisation for charitable organisations and charities to freely distribute withdrawn fruit and vegetables is regulated under FEGA Coordination Circular 23/2019.


Processing operations with payment in kind

Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/891 establishes the possibility for Member States to authorise payment in kind (delivery of part of the withdrawn product to cover processing costs) from the beneficiaries of the free distribution to processors of fruit and vegetables, provided that such payment only offsets the processing costs and provided that the Member State where the payment is made has established rules ensuring that the processed products are intended for consumption by the final beneficiaries.

In Spain, processing operations have been carried out with payment in kind for different products; sufficient quantities have been withdrawn in short periods of time which would otherwise not have been possible to have been delivered to the people in need due to logistical reasons and the perishable nature of the product, thus obtaining a non-perishable product, juice, which could be consumed gradually in the charity centres.

The last process carried out was the processing of stone fruit (peaches, nectarines, flat peaches, flat nectarines, and flat peaches) into juice for free distribution in 2019, with payment in kind.


Environmental actions

In order to increase respect for the environment, the CMO for agriculture, in its scope of application within the fruit and vegetable sector, and in addition to being one of the potential objectives of the Operational Programmes, establishes the obligation to include a minimum of two environmental actions or 10% of the expenditure of the Programme in all of them. These actions are justified through the following:


Applicable legislation

Community Regulations


National Provisions


Coordination circulars for fruits and vegetables

  • Coordination circular 29/2021. Coordination rules for crisis management procedure for the operational programmes for fruit and vegetable producer organisations
  • Coordination circular 9/2021. Coordination regulations for the filing of statistics within the framework of the fruit and vegetable operational programmes.
  • Coordination circular 42/2020. National plan for administrative and on-the-spot checks, applicable to subsidies for fruit and vegetable producer organisations that constitute an operational fund.
  • Coordination circular 28/2020: approval of the operational programmes for fruit and vegetable producer organisations.
  • Coordination circular 23/2019. Authorisation for charitable organisations and centres to distribute recalled fruit and vegetables for free

  • Coordination circular 6/2013. National plan for administrative and on-the-spot checks, applicable to subsidies for fruit and vegetable producer organisations that constitute an operational fund.

  • Coordination circular 37/2012. Coordination regulations for verifying the conditions for recognition of fruit and vegetable producer organisations.



Modification date: 04/07/2022